9 Marketing Books That Would Make Great Gifts

Books make great gifts. They’re easy to wrap. You don’t have to worry about peanut allergies or gluten intolerance. And the best of them can have a long-lasting impact – the gift that does, in fact, keep on giving.

With that in mind, here are a few suggestions for books to give people in the marketing profession, based on my own, personal reactions. I’ve reviewed several of them already on this blog.

Branding Basics for Small Businesses by Maria Ross (NorLights Press). I read the book after hearing Maria speak recently. Despite the title, her no-nonsense approach to branding works well for businesses of all sizes. She offers great advice about brand consistency.

The Difference: The One Page Method for Reimagining Your Business and Reinventing Your Marketing by Bernadette Jiwa (The Story Of Telling Press). This book is a fast but inspiring read, calling us to create a real difference in customers’ lives.

Epic Content Marketing by Joe Pulizzi (McGraw-Hill Education). Pulizzi compiles everything you might need to know about content marketing in one place. It’s the modern content marketer’s go-to source. I reviewed it here.

Everybody Writes: Your Go-To Guide for Creating Ridiculously Good Content by Ann Handley (Wiley). If you love Ann Handley’s writing, here’s your chance to find out why it’s so good. This book offers insight into how to make marketing writing both fun and personable. Even if you’re an expert writer, you’ll find things to love in this book. See my blog review here.

The New Rules of Sales and Service by David Meerman Scott (Wiley). David Meerman Scott redefined marketing several years ago with his New Rules of Marketing and PR. In this latest text, he highlights the challenges of ongoing customer engagement after the sale. The topic is relevant for marketing professionals, as the divisions between marketing, sales and service are shrinking.

Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman (Farrar, Straus and Giroux). He may have won the Nobel Prize for Economics, but marketers everywhere should offer thanks to Kahneman for explaining our irrational (or lazy) thought systems. This book reveals the vagaries of human decisions and thoughts.

To Sell is Human by Daniel Pink (Riverhead Books). This book is less about sales and more about human nature, empathy, and persuasion. It’s an entertaining read filled with useful insight for marketing.

True Story: How to Combine Story and Action to Transform Your Business by Ty Montague (Harvard Business Review Press). With all of the buzz about storytelling, this book insists that brands must go further to storydoing. Montague describes how an authentic corporate metastory transcends marketing and informs business actions. See my review here.

Winning the Story Wars by Jonah Sachs (Harvard Business Review Press). This book elevates marketing to another level, calling on Joseph Campbell’s hero’s journey, cultural myths, and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Sachs calls for an end to marketing through inadequacy, promoting instead an approach he calls empowerment marketing. See my quick review here.

I still have a long list of books I plan to read, and I’m adding more every day. If you have suggestions to share, let me know. I might review them here.

5 Reasons to Read Epic Content Marketing

epicbookEvery 1.6 seconds, someone publishes another blog post about content marketing.

Okay, I made that statistic up, but reality cannot be far off. Isn’t there enough out there already on the topic?

Indeed there is. There may be too much written about content marketing, and it’s not all helpful.

The Wall Street Journal apparently equated content marketing with native content. Others call it brand journalism. Another blogger called it a glorified term for blogging.

I’ve contributed to the noise myself with this blog post on Content Marketing vs. Marketing with Content. We may be spending more time writing about content marketing than actually doing it.

In his terrific book Epic Content Marketing, Joe Pulizzi of the Content Marketing Institute offers refreshing structure and clarity on the subject, starting with a clear definition and following through with practical advice about implementation.

Whether you’re a content marketing practitioner or trying to make sense of it all, here are five reasons to read the book.

  1. Build a business case. Content marketing requires resources, and to get resources you often need to convince somebody to spend the money. The book provides fodder for getting buy-in for your content marketing efforts.
  2. Get strategic. In our eagerness to start creating content, we sometimes skip the strategy part of content marketing. Without strategy, your content is just words or pictures. The book dedicates chapters to defining your niche, your content mission and goals.
  3. Create manageable processes. Get practical guidance on processes, from creating editorial calendars to getting employees or others to contribute.
  4. Learn how to market your content. It’s not enough to create the content – you have to market and promote it.  Joe offers guidance on using social media, search engine optimization, content syndication, and influencers to extend the reach of your efforts.
  5. Get inspired. From blogs and mobile apps to print publications and seminars, the book offers practical advice for a wide range of content types. I guarantee you’ll find new ideas in this chapter.

 

Stop Stealing My Attention!

If you believe that attention is valuable currency in today’s world, then advertisements that force themselves on our attention are like people stealing money from our pockets.

Attention aux PickPockets (dans La Tour by dullhunk, on Flickr
Creative Commons Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License   by  dullhunk 

 

Interrupt-driven advertising or marketing is becoming less effective as we find ways of ignoring the messages that don’t interest us. As a business model, interrupt-driven advertising is fading fast. And when advertisers insist on our attention – whether by raising a volume level, disabling fast-forwarding, or other schemes – it can work against the brand image they’re trying to project.

“The web visitor only has to look at the image for 10 seconds before they can click through,” says the advertiser. “We really need the leads, so we have to ask them to fill out a form first,” says the marketer.

The seconds spent on uninvited interruptions are taking our precious attention. If we don’t feel that we received something of value in return, we’ll simply resent the brand.

The talking campaign mailer

Anyone who says thinks print advertising is dead clearly doesn’t work for a political campaign. The number of mailers arriving at our household this campaign cycle was overwhelming.

Aside from its environmental implications, direct mail is a less offensive form of advertising, because you can decide whether to read or recycle at your own pace.

But one campaign earned my resentment by including a recorded speech on a sound disk in the printed mailer. When I opened the piece, a voice started exhorting me about the candidate’s qualities and positions.

From my perspective, that’s on par with a robo-call – and we all know how much we love those. I felt like my attention had forcibly taken from me by the mailer. (Plus, to recycle it we had to strip out the recording device first.) The speech didn’t deliver any information I could not read elsewhere, including on the mailer, nor was I willing to spend the time to listen to it. It had no value to me beyond annoyance.

I was an undecided voter on this local issue, and the mailer made me question the candidate’s good judgment.

The essential practice of content marketing is to consider the message from the audience perspective. If we, as marketers, create content that delivers value in the eyes of our customers, then they will gladly spend their attention on it.

Content Marketing vs. Marketing with Content

Content has always been a part of marketing. B2B technology marketing in particular relies heavily on content like white papers, demonstrations and case studies to explain the technology.

This fact leaves some marketers wondering about the distinction between marketing with content and content marketing.

To my mind, the difference lies in two key areas: strategy and perspective.

Not just content: strategy

I’ve heard it said that content marketing is simply another term for blogging. Yikes. That’s like saying that running shoes are a fitness training regimen.

Blogging is a key part of many content marketing strategies — not a replacement for strategy.

Content marketing is the strategic and intentional creation of content that is valuable and compelling for the audience you want to reach, at the times they need it. It requires a firm understanding of buyers’ specific needs at each phase of the journey. It’s not just about having more content.

Here’s how Joe Pulizzi, founder of the Content Marketing Institute, defines content marketing in his excellent book Epic Content Marketing.

“Content marketing is the marketing and business process for creating and distributing valuable and compelling content to attract, acquire, and engage a clearly defined and understood target audience— with the objective of driving profitable customer action.”

A matter of perspective

The other key differentiator is perspective – and that shows up in the types of content that you create.  While traditional marketing content is created from the business perspective with the objective of making the sale, content marketing requires you to understand the buyer’s perspective.

Tiree Perspective by MacJewell, on Flickr
Creative Commons Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License   by  MacJewell 

 

You develop buyer personas because you need to understand and address the customer’s needs. Using that perspective, you can create content that educates, informs or entertains those personas, rather than simply selling. Content marketing is about finding the alignment between the customers’ needs and your business, and being generous with content.

Michael Brenner published a post recently on the 3 Vs of content marketing (riffing on the famous 3 Vs of Big Data, I believe.) He suggests that effective content marketing starts with value, then adds volume and variety.

I couldn’t agree more — start with the value you deliver to the customer or prospect. To provide value, you have to look at the world from the customer’s perspective.

Another Book Review of Everybody Writes

You don’t have to be a reluctant writer to get value from Ann Handley’s latest book, Everybody Writes.

ann-3dWith content marketing gaining ground, more people are now on the hook for creating content through blog posts, articles and other written pieces. The book is useful for anyone who finds themselves writing for work, and particularly on behalf of brands.

The blogosphere is awash with rave reviews – there’s no need for me to add another. (Read Doug Kessler’s entertaining review of the reviews of Everybody Writes – that’s how many reviews there are.)

This review is for the subset of writers who feel they are beyond the need for a ‘how to write’ book – people who are already comfortable with writing mechanics and their own personal styles. These are the writers who:

  • Are more comfortable composing a written email about a complex subject than calling someone on the phone
  • Are happy to engage in discussions about the pros and cons of the Oxford comma with like-minded individuals
  • Shudder when they see typos on billboards or in newspaper headlines
  • Majored in English or journalism
  • Are the ones that everyone goes to in the office before posting a blog or sending an important email
  • Leave comments on blogs to point out grammatical errors to the author

If you fit any of these descriptions, you might ask yourself why you need a book on writing. You’ve already got The Elements of Style, right?

I had those thoughts, too. But I bought Everybody Writes when it came out for two reasons:

  1. I enjoy Ann Handley’s writing, so I knew the book would be fun to read.
  2. As a writer, I always have room to improve.

After her earlier book Content Rules (which she co-authored with CC Chapman), Ann once again produces a book that is a joy to read and earns its place on the bookshelf.

Here are a few of the reasons I found the book valuable:

Well-articulated rules for the next time I have to explain my edits to others
Some grammar rules I know by intuition rather than by rote. Ann offers pithy explanations of those. For example,  you don’t hyphenate a compound modifier if the first word is an adverb ending in ‘ly’. Here’s how Ann illustrates the rule:

“Not cool: This is an extremely-simple rule to understand.

Cool: This is an extremely simple rule to understand.”

She’s gathered data on the ideal length for website text lines and paragraphs. You may find this helpful when justifying your ruthless edits.

Fun new words and facts
I did not know the terms mondegreen or eggcorn (misheard terms that gain a life of their own). My life is richer for the existence of these two words.

New tools and resources
Ann has done a great job of curating a collection of tools for writers. I have only started exploring these resources. For example, did you know about the site 750words.com to help you write at least 750 words each day?

Validation and support
The final take-away for the professional writer is this: people do care. When writing for industry, it’s easy to get sucked into jargon and industry-speak. Swimming against the tide can become difficult after a while. Throughout Everybody Writes, the unifying message is that it does matter – because everybody is also a reader.

I love the concept of having “pathological empathy” for the reader. It’s a guiding principle in content marketing and beyond. Here’s how she describes it:

“…empathy for the customer experience should be at the root of all of your content, because having a sense of the people you are writing for and a deep understanding of their problems is key to honing your skill.”

I’d recommend this book to writers at all phases of their careers and capabilities. Because while everybody writes, we all can find ways to do it better.

UPDATE: Everybody Writes is now available as an audio book from Audible Studios, so you can become a better writer while driving your car or working out at the gym.

Here is a clip of it.

It’s available from Amazon or Audible.

Improve Your Customer Focus with 4 Simple Questions

The better you know your customers, the easier it is to create the content that they find valuable and engaging.

The recent B2B Content Marketing: 2015 Benchmarks, Budgets and Trends—North America study by MarketingProfs and the Content Marketing Institute asked B2B marketers about their challenges. What’s the #1 problem? Creating engaging content.

Screen Shot 2014-10-01 at 5.48.34 PM

Read more in the MarketingProfs article.

The first challenge of creating engaging content is to understand the audience. “Engaging” is in the eye of the beholder.

Focus on your target audience

Content marketing practitioners talk about developing buyer personas.  It’s a great practice. But in reality, many businesses skip that step in their content marketing strategies.

In all the companies I’ve worked with, I can count on one hand the number that have shared customer personas with me. Maybe the process of developing personas is too time-consuming?

So let’s make it less daunting and narrow it down to four simple questions. The questions get progressively more in-depth – the more you answer, the clearer your focus on the customer.

1 – Who are your target customers?

This first question is the most basic customer targeting. In the B2B sale, what type of business are you targeting? Who are the buyers within the business? Who will use the solution? You might have several different answers to this question. See if you can answer the following questions for each different target customer.

2 – Where are your customers?

In the B2B context, where do your buyers work? Where do they hang out during the day – either physically or online? Where do they look for answers to their questions or problems relevant to your offering?

3 – What are they doing today?

What are they doing related to what you offer? Do they realize they need your solution or do you have to educate them about the problem? Are they using a competitor’s product or nothing at all? Do they feel any urgency about the problem?

At this point, the target customer has come into sharper definition. But don’t stop yet – see if you can answer the following question.

4 – Where do they want to go?

What are your customer’s larger or longer-term objectives? Can you help them achieve those longer-term objectives? What are their values? How can you align your solution with their values or objectives?

I said the questions were simple – getting the answers takes time and work.  But the payoff is big. If you can answer these four questions for your target customers, you’ll know just what you need to do to create engaging content.

3 Reasons to Love Long-Form Content

 

Someone asked me recently, “Do people even read white papers anymore?”

The question is understandable, especially if you’re not in B2B technology. The trend in content marketing is towards short, “snackable” content that’s easy to share. And I applaud that trend – to a point.

Longer papers still have a role to play in lead generation, thought leadership and lead nurturing. The traditional white paper has other, long-form cousins that are equally useful, such as:

  • Recorded webinars
  • Ebooks
  • Research reports

Your content marketing strategy should include lengthier content for three key reasons:

1. Improved SEO
Search engines love long-form content – the more words, the better they can analyze.
According to Andy Crestodina at Orbit Media, the ideal length for a blog post from an SEO perspective is 1500 words.

(Thanks to Ann Handley for sharing this fact in her wonderful book Everybody Writes.)

My blog posts aren’t that long, so I don’t practice what I preach in this regard. And I certainly don’t advocate writing massively long web pages. Always consider human readability first.

The content marketing take-away: Put a longer paper up on your website so web crawlers can find it, and see what happens to your organic search results.

2. The psychological pay-off
Here’s a fun bit of research I found in the book Absolute Value: What Really Influences Customers in an Age of (Nearly) Perfect Information by Itamar Simonson and Emanuel Rosen:

“When we deliberately seek information, we are more likely to use it.”

When I read this, I started thinking of the content marketing implications:

  • You create an informative or actionable piece of content and make it easy for your audience to find.
  • Your audience searches it out, downloads it, and invests time to read it (paper, ebook) or watch it (webinar).

The fact that they deliberately sought out the content makes people more likely to use that information. If the content was good, then you’ve already delivered value to the audience.

The content marketing take-away: Figure out what questions your audience has and try to answer them. Do original research or interview experts if necessary.

3. Generating more content 
One long piece can result in many other content assets. Repurpose a white paper or report into multiple blogs or infographics. Use it as the basis for videos, a webinar, or a SlideShare presentation. And by all means create those snackable tweets and quotes.

For inspiration, here’s a post I found today by Justice Mitchell on the Maximize Social Business blog on how to take a five-minute video and turn it into multiple pieces of content.

The content marketing take-away: Find one paper or video on your site that has useful insight for prospects and customers. Now try to generate four or five new content pieces across different channels from that single piece of content.