If you identify as a writer, people will ask you for feedback on their writing. These requests come in many forms:
- A friend’s son asks if you can look at a college essay
- A work colleague emails you a project report to review
- A relative shows you a memoir they’re writing
- Your spouse asks you to look through an important email before sending it
Each situation calls for a different type of feedback: a gentle nudge, thoughtful critique, careful questions, or detailed proofreading.
If you don’t read the situation correctly, you can damage the relationship with the writer and do a disservice to the writing itself.
My great-uncle was an esteemed educator, composer, and professor. (Name withheld to protect his memory!) People who wrote to him often found their letters returned covered in red ink. Students, relatives, strangers—no one was immune from the scourge of his editorial eye.
I’d start sweating merely writing a note on a Christmas card!
Perhaps it was an intentional strategy to keep his list of correspondents short.
If that’s the persona you want to cultivate, go for it. But you may alienate your friends and colleagues.
Before providing feedback, you’ll need to understand two variables: the stage of the writing project and the writer’s specific needs for feedback.
Know the Project’s Stage
To everything, there is a season… and an appropriate type of feedback for every stage of a writing project. (Bonus points for humming the tune from The Byrds after reading that sentence.)
For example, authors sometimes ask me to look at the structure and general approach of a book manuscript. In the world of books, this is a developmental edit. I resist the temptation to fix grammar or comment on word choice at this point – it’s too early. Those words may disappear in further revisions.
Match your feedback to the writing stage.
Early in a project’s development, provide feedback on the big picture: how well the structure achieves its purpose and meets audience needs, and so on. For projects that are farther along, style and clarity are fair game.
If something is about to be published, focus on typos, grammatical issues, or details that are easy to fix. Publication day is not the time to suggest structural changes unless you see a dire problem.
Professional editors differentiate between developmental edits, line edits, copy edits, and proofreading. Many people don’t know or use those terms. Ask leading questions to figure out the current stage of the work and the writer’s expectations:
- How far along is this piece in its development? Do you feel like you’re almost done working on it?
- What kind of feedback are you looking for?
- Is anyone going to proofread it, or would you like me to do that?
Knowing the stage helps you figure how what level of feedback to offer. But that’s not enough to be effective in your comments.
What Does the Writer Need?
There’s a reason that the person is asking you for feedback.
- Are you particularly familiar with the topic or audience?
- Does the writer want your advice on writing style? On content? Both?
Perhaps they’re only looking for affirmation or support. In this situation, a raft of critical comments might do more harm than good. Try supportive guidance instead – validation and confidence may be more valuable for this writer than a detailed copyedit.
Effective editors balance feedback with the writer’s needs
Make sure you understand the purpose of the piece:
- Who is the target audience?
- Why will they read it?
- What is the writer trying to achieve?
Once you’ve clarified your mission as a reviewer, deliver exactly what you have permission to provide.
Stay In Your Lane
You may be tempted to overstep the bounds of your assignment. Use caution.
When asked to review something, my first instinct is to start reworking because I love revising and polishing. But, having been the recipient of unwanted revisions in the past, I’ll ask permission first: This could be clearer – may I revise a section to show you what I mean?
Sometimes, the answer is no, and that’s fine. I don’t want to turn into my great uncle.
See the second post in this series on how to deliver effective writing feedback.
In the perfect world, writers would give you all of this information when they ask for feedback. We don’t live in a perfect world, but we can make it a better one! Send the writers you work with to my free course on Managing the Review Process.